Best and Worst Birth Control Methods and Their Side Effects
When the point comes to birth control methods, now we have many options than ever. But with more choices we have more concerns. We need to see that which one is best for us according to our health condition. So how can you choose which pregnancy prevention method is right for you?
Factors like high blood pressure, smoking and drinking habits, and a history of breast cancer may have an impact on your pick. The most important step is to weigh your options with your doctor; you’ll want to find out how each form of birth control will affect your health. Here we are going to discuss some birth control methods and heir side effects. Now it’s your choice that which one will you select for you.
Male & Female Condoms
The best and most suitable option for birth control is to use condoms. It is the only option that not only prevents pregnancy, but diseases and infections, too. If there is any risk your sexual partner could pass on an STD (sexually transmitted disease), condoms are a must, plus it has no side effect at all.
Today, there are both male and female condoms to choose from, though male condoms are by far the most popular.
The only side effect of condom is that they are very low effective for preventing pregnancy. Male condoms are only about 82% and female condoms 79% effective.
The Diaphragm and Sponge with Spermicide
The sponge is soft foam coated with spermicide. The device looks like a donut, and covers the cervix when you insert it into your vagina. These are barrier methods of birth control.
The diaphragm comes as a flexible cup that you place in your vagina to block sperm from entering your uterus, and use with spermicide. You need doctor for this process who should check it every one or two years to make sure no holes have developed.
To be most effective, a diaphragm should be used with spermicide and left in place for six hours after having sex.
- This may increase your risk forurinary tract infections, but urinating after sex can help you avoid infection.
- If you are at risk of HIV infection, these are not the best choices because spermicide increases risk of getting HIV from your partner.
- The diaphragm is only 88% effective for preventing pregnancy, as is the sponge in women who have not yet had a baby.
Pills can be good or can be bad in many ways. Combination birth control pills can also lead to less painful menstrual cramps, lighter periods, and fewer symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.
They are also safer for women who have a history of blood clots or have uncontrolled high blood pressure. Both types of contraception help regulate your periods, and you can even use them to control how many periods you have a year.
The Pill may also provide protection against pelvic inflammatory disease, infections, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer.
- Birth control pills can cause spotting, breast tenderness, nausea, and low sex drive.
- Combination pills carry a risk of blood clots in your legs and increase your risk of stroke if you smoke.
- It’s hard to remember to take regularly. If you’re on a progestin-only pill, it’s especially important to take it at the same time every day.
- The Pill has an 8% failure rate.
Birth Control Implant
Implant is a piece of plastic (about the size of a matchstick), this long-term form of contraception contains progestin. It is inserted by your doctor just under the skin of the upper arm and prevents pregnancy for three years.
The method is also invisible. Less than 1 in 100 women will get pregnant with a hormone implant in place.
- Irregular bleeding throughout the first year, but eventually women stops getting periods on this method
- Pain in arm where it’s been placed
- Vaginal itching or discharge
- Breast pain
Birth Control Injection
A shot of progestin in the arm offers women pregnancy prevention for three months at a time. It blocks ovulation, and also makes it more difficult for sperm to travel because of an increase in cervical mucus.
Failure chances are fewer than 1 in 100 women if it is administered properly by a healthcare worker. The shot may reduce risk of uterine cancer, and protect you from pelvic inflammatory disease.
- It causes more irregular bleeding than the Pill, patch, or ring, particularly during the first three to six months.
- If you plan to become pregnant in the future, you’ll have to plan ahead if you’re using hormone injections. It can take anywhere from 3 to 18 months to start ovulating again after stopping them.
Vasectomy for Men
Tired of holding all the pregnancy-prevention responsibilities as a woman? If you’re done having children, you might consider sending your husband to the doctor. Vasectomy is a simple procedure: Through a tiny incision, a doctor closes the tubes that carry a man’s sperm, preventing them from leaving his body.
A vasectomy is almost 100 percent effective for contraception — the tubes grow back together only in about 1 in 1,000 men. This permanent form of birth control also carries few risks, requires only a few days of recovery, and has no effect on a man’s sexual function.
- You’ll need to use a back-up birth control method, such as condoms, for three months after the surgery to be sure all of previously-made sperm has been ejaculated.
- A vasectomy may increase risk of prostate cancer, and it is permanent. So you have to be sure that you don’t want more children before he has the procedure.
- The surgery can be reversed in some cases, it’s very expensive and success is not guaranteed.